Chemical weapons were produced and used on a large scale during the world wars. Several people have been victims of the use of these weapons, which has led the Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons to eliminate the threat of chemical weapons and to promote peace, security and multilateralism in the world. The Day of Remembrance for All Victims of Chemical Warfare is an annual event held on November 30, every year since 2005.
Day of Remembrance of All Victims of Chemical Warfare: History
During the last day of the tenth session of the United Nations Conference of States Parties, members recognized the Day of Remembrance as a “tribute to the victims of chemical warfare”.
The suggestion to make the day memorable came from the Director General of the Secretariat, Rogelio Pfirter. In 1997, the Chemical Weapons Convention entered into force on April 29 and was to be chosen as the date for the celebration of the event. Today, April 29 is known as the International Founding Day of the Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons.
The Chemical Weapons Convention, also known as the Convention on the Prohibition of the Development, Production, Stockpiling and Use of Chemical Weapons and on Their Destruction, would be an arms control treaty , reviewed by an intergovernmental organization in The Hague called the Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons.
According to a 2013 United Nations report, several countries around the world have abandoned or destroyed their stockpiles of nuclear weapons, but several have yet to do so.
Day of Remembrance of All Victims of Chemical Warfare: Agenda
Towards the end of World War II, two atomic bombs devastated the cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, killing 300,000 people. About 9 countries are known to have nuclear weapons, which can be launched within minutes. There are several reasons why the UN has called for the disarmament of these weapons, but one of the main reasons remains “to save future generations from the scourge of war”.